In the name of who taught the man thinking. Undoubtedly, at the beginning of 2018, we saw a great movement in the development of tourism industry in the province so that the tourism industry was institutionalized in all parts of the province by the efforts of all the officials and people of Isfahan, while about 600 monuments restoration projects were implemented throughout the province. Some of the historic buildings, including those in the village of Sarhang Abad, the city of Ardestan, were restored for the first time in a hundred years. The promotion of handicrafts was also pursued in the most serious way possible in the province. With all this details, obviously, with the help of His Holiness in 2018, all the tourism activists and cultural heritage lovers should be directed towards sustainable tourism development in Isfahan.

Introducing Isfahan Handicrafts
Introducing Isfahan Handicrafts
wccisfahan.comTurquoise Fixing
Turquoise Fixing

Turquoise fixing is an art which creates a layer of turquoise little-cut stones on the body of metal objects,making and preparing valuable decorative products. Turquoise fixing, as it is done today, is one of the contemporary arts of the recent century, but it has an old history just like the other available arts, because the technique of arraying small pebbles and colorful tiles has a long history not only in Iran but also all around the world, and it isthe craftsman's artistic talent that creates a new design by substitution of applied elements. Turquoise fixing, generally speaking, is decorating the surface of metals such as gold and silver and manufacturing gold wares to the surface of copper, brass and etc. and at the present time it is done only in Esfahan. The underlying layer is made by the artist based on thedesign of the turquoise part, so that the surrounding of the part where turquoise is to be stuck is embossed for 2 or 3 mm. The small pebbles of turquoise stone are first purchased from the mines which are situated in Mashhad, Damghan and Neishabour, then classified as per their size, and theirwastage is separated. From this stage the uniform beads of turquoise are arranged and stuck next to each other on the body of the object so that the least distance remains among them. For this purpose the metal surface is heated up to 30 degree and a special powder (lacquer) is sprayed on it and is heated again so that the melted lacquer covers the entire surface of the object. Now the body of the object is heated again and the turquoise stones are placed on the melted lacquer, then again a layer of lacquer is melted on the surface to cover the remaining pores. Finally the finishing operation isdonetwice during which the extra and unwanted tiny turquoise stones are removed. The turquoise studded part is polished by olive or sesame oil so that this part become as vivid and brilliant as the other parts. Technically the uniformity of the turquoise stones is very important.The sky-blue color of the turquoise, lack of greenish hue and fadedness are among the other points which make the turquoise work of art more valuable.

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